The current year brought many natural disasters and the most noticeable of them all were the floods. The devastations made by the ravaging floods could be observed in almost every state of India. Since the onset of monsoon rains, India has seen many events of flooding occurring almost every week submerging roads, houses, buildings, and almost everything that came on its way. Within a season, the country suffered a loss of over millions of dollars.
Causes of Floods
As suggested by the climatologists, there are some reasons which initiate a flood causing condition. These are
- Ice or snow melts in the glaciers or polar regions;
- Earthquakes, which damage a water reservoir resulting in leakage;
- Landslides, which sometimes block the natural flow of a river, creating a lake which when breaks down results in heavy flooding;
- Torrential rains, in case of Indian subcontinent – the monsoon rains;
- Cloudburst, mostly in Himalayan regions;
- Coastal Storms, as like Ockhi and Maarutha cyclones in India;
- Failure of a dam – this is a rare case but is very destructive.
Most of Indian Floods happen during the monsoon season during the months from May to September. Heavy moisture laden clouds rge from the south-western regions of the Arabian Sea that is under a high pressure during the summer months. At the same time, central Asia and Indian subcontinent has a belt of low pressure. The South-West Monsoons then move towards the subcontinent with the help of South-West Trade Winds. The rain showers start from the month of May drenching the coastal regions of Kerala, and going towards North through the Western Ghats. Generally, the monsoon rains are known as the life sustainer in India as the country has mostly agriculture as its dominant occupation and most of the fields are rainfed. But unfortunately, sometimes, monsoon display out its fierce face and results in heavy flooding, spreading out destructions all around.
All the causes of flooding or any other natural disaster are not that destructive when they are at a elementary stage, but what makes up the destructive force of this natural disaster are some specific conditions which contribute in intensifying its devastations. These conditions are
- Slope, altitude and aspect of the area, as the slope and altitude increase the speed of the flow of water tend to increase too;
- The type of soil of the area; sandy soil is known to filter more water to the ground as compared to clayey which is inefficient in water holding.
This year, India saw an extreme of devastations caused by monsoon floods. The major rivers like the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Narmada broke their boundaries and crossed into inhabited areas, proving that humans are helpless in front of nature’s force. Since the onset of monsoons, almost every state of India was engulfed by water. Here’s a chronological list of the flooded states.
- Tripura – 23rd May
- Karnataka – 30th May
- Mizoram – 6th June
- Maharashtra – 11th July
- Kerala – 18th July
- Gujarat – 18th July
- Delhi – 1st August
- Assam – 3rd August
- Himachal Pradesh – 14th August
- Jammu & Kashmir – 15th August
- Nagaland – 5th September
- Uttar Pradesh – 5th September
And the list is still expanding as the monsoon season has not yet ceased.
All these events have marked black chapters in the country’s history but at the same time teaching a greater lesson to get ourselves prepared for anything unexpected that nature could throw at us as a result of our own forced dominance.