Since ancient times, the trend of extending a kingdom’s reign was predominant across the globe. Many countries ruled over other, suppressing their democracy and exploiting resources. In most of the cases, the suppressed countries fought their freedom back and restored their sovereignty. Here, I share with you few stories of some countries that struggled hard to get freedom in the recent past. These stories somewhere make us aware about the fact that nobody should dominate anybody; everyone has a right to live freely in a space that they own.
Algeria was colonised by French in 1830, since then slowly they started controlling their produce, economy and then ruling over their administration. The Algerians were mistreated in their own land and their resources were fully owned by French people. Their freedom struggle started in 1954 with the formation of National Liberation Front, which included Guerrilla forces and native army. Meanwhile, the government in France changed, and Charles De Gaulle became the new Prime Minister. In his rule, the control over Algeria weakened, which was not supported by French colonies in Algeria. They tried to dominate the natives all by themselves which then resulted in breaking out of heavy revolts, killing more than 1,50,000 Algerians. Finally in 1962, French colonies in Nigeria voted for the countries liberation and on 3rd July 1962, they were granted freedom.
Kenya’s land served as the resting place for most of the traders from Europe and Arab. The country was divided into many territories according to the settlers, mostly dominated by Portuguese, Arabs and native population. British colonised the country in the 19th century. Gradually British occupied most of the countries part and controlled most of its resources and administration. The native people were not allowed in any of political or legislative activities. The fight to obtain freedom was initiated in 1942 by a few tribes such as Kikuyu, embu, Meru and Kamba. They started the Mau Mau rebellion against British. During the period of 1952 to 1959, a state of emergency was declared and many leaders and fighters were imprisoned and hanged to death. Finally after a hard struggle, the Kenyans succeeded in getting independence on 12th December, 1963.
Also, read about some unique tribes of the world.
3. Democratic Republic of the Congo
The country of Congo was occupied by Belgium in the 19th century. The struggle for freedom started from 1950, when few educated Congolese raised their voices against the foreign rule. After their revolt, Belgian became more strict. They tried to suppress their voice with forceful laws and reducing their freedom of control over their resources. The resistance was ignited to a higher level when more than 34 civilians were killed during an agitation. Because of this, the natives became more fierce and desperate for their independence. On 30th June, 1960, the country finally got independence.
Indonesia was ruled by many different countries. Dutch people settled in the island country during 18th and 19th century. During the World War II, Japan captured the Java islands from Dutch and ruled on the native Indonesians. Though Japan gave freedom to the captured islands in 1945 and influenced the Netherlands to do the same, but instead, Dutch sought the help of British to get more grasp over the country. After British decolonised India and other Asian countries, the control of the Netherlands too loosened and ultimately in 1949, the country was officially declared independent.
5. South Africa
South Africa was a resting point and a trade center since ancient times for the European countries. British, like other stances, colonised and forced its administration on the native people. The people there were racially discriminated and harassed. Mahatma Gandhi raised his voice against it in the country. In 1912, African National Congress was formulated in order to fight against the British rule. Perhaps, in 1960, during an ANC meeting, policemen killed 69 protestors. After the incidence, a state of emergency was declared, and ANC was banned by the government. However, ANC still carried out its activities secretly. Nelson Mandela was an active member of ANC; in 1964 he was caught in the Congress activities and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Ultimately, in 1994, South Africa got its freedom, and Nelson Mandela became its first President.
India, too was administered by British people. Their cruelty on Indians is widely known. Indians had a rich cultural heritage; like many other foreign ruler, who forcefully occupied the land, they too tried to destroy the country’s culture and replace it with their own. They not only suppressed the native people but also partially destroyed their heritage and values. Indian people fought very hard for their freedom, thousands lost their lives for the purpose and millions were stranded away from their homelands because of the country’s uninvited division. Finally, after almost 200 years India won independence on 15th August, 1947, the day that can never be forgotten in Indian history, explained in the book- An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India .